types of trauma fracture

“A trauma fracture is a type of bone fracture that occurs as a result of physical trauma or injury, such as a fall, a car accident, or a sports injury. Trauma fractures can range in severity from a hairline fracture to a complete break of the bone.”

The body can experience trauma fractures in any bone, but medical professionals most frequently observe them in the bones of arms, legs, and spine. If an individual has a trauma fracture, they may experience symptoms such as pain, swelling, bruising, difficulty moving the impacted body part, and deformity.

Medical practitioners will determine the appropriate treatment for a trauma fracture based on its severity. This may include immobilization using a cast or brace, surgery to realign the bones, and rehabilitation exercises to help regain strength and function. It is crucial to seek medical attention if a fracture is suspected, as untreated fractures may result in long-term complications.

Types of trauma fractures

  1. A closed fracture, also called a simple fracture, occurs when the bone breaks but the skin remains intact. The bone may be partially or completely broken, but it does not penetrate the skin.
  2. An open fracture, also known as a compound fracture, happens when the bone breaks and protrudes through the skin. This type of fracture requires immediate medical attention because of the higher risk of infection.
  3. A greenstick fracture is an incomplete fracture in which the bone bends but does not break completely. This type of fracture is more common in children because their bones are more flexible than those of adults.
  4. A comminuted fracture occurs when the bone shatters into three or more pieces. High-impact trauma, such as a car accident or a fall from a great height, usually causes this type of fracture.
  5. An avulsion fracture occurs when a tendon or ligament pulls a small piece of bone away from the main bone. Athletes, especially those in sports that require sudden stops or changes in direction, commonly experience this type of fracture.
  6. A stress fracture results from repetitive stress or overuse and is a small crack or break in the bone. Athletes are prone to this type of fracture, and it can occur in any bone subjected to repeated stress.
  7. A pathologic fracture happens when an underlying medical condition, such as osteoporosis or bone cancer, weakens the bone and causes it to break. This type of fracture can occur with little or no trauma.
  8. A compression fracture occurs when a bone is crushed or compressed. This type of fracture is common in the spine and can result from osteoporosis, trauma, or a fall.
  9. A transverse fracture is a break in the bone that runs perpendicular to the bone’s long axis. A direct blow to the bone usually causes this type of fracture.
  10. An oblique fracture is a break in the bone that runs diagonally across the bone. This type of fracture is usually the result of a twisting injury or a severe blow to the bone.

Bone fracture vs. break

Broken bones and fractured bones are interchangeable terms that refer to the same injury. When diagnosed, your healthcare provider will most likely use a specific type of fracture to refer to your broken bone because fracture is the medical term for a broken bone.

Bone fracture vs. bone bruise

Both bone fractures and bone bruises are painful injuries resulting from a strong force impacting the body, typically due to a fall, car accident, or sports injury. The main difference lies in the extent of the damage to the bone.

Bones, as living tissue, can bruise similar to the skin. However, it requires a greater force to bruise a bone compared to the skin. If a bone is struck with sufficient force, it may bleed without breaking. In such cases, blood accumulates beneath the bone’s surface, causing a bone bruise.

Bone fractures vs. sprains

You’ve broken one or more of your bones if you have a bone fracture. A bone cannot be sprained. A sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched or torn. A bone fracture and a ligament sprain can occur in the same injury, especially if you injure a joint like your knee or elbow.

Orthopedic implants in trauma fractures

The treatment and management of severe trauma fractures, such as open, comminuted, and pathologic fractures, often require surgical intervention to stabilize the broken bone and promote healing. Orthopedic implants, including plates, screws, and nails, play a crucial role in this process by holding the fractured bone in place while it heals. These devices provide stability and support, reduce pain, promote healing, and prevent further damage.

In complex cases, external fixators may be necessary to stabilize the bone from outside the body. These devices are particularly useful in open fractures where internal devices could cause infection. Orthopedic implants have transformed the treatment of trauma fractures, leading to better outcomes for patients. Patients recover faster, experience less pain, and regain function and mobility more quickly with the use of these devices.

Zealmax Ortho: A prominent manufacturer & exporter of trauma implants

Zealmax Ortho is a prominent global manufacturer and supplier of orthopedic trauma implants and instruments, with a strong reputation for reliability and quality that is comparable to well-established brands. Our factory, located in India, is one of the largest and most advanced in the country.

We produce a wide range of orthopedic implants and tools for trauma surgery, including titanium, stainless steel, and PEEK materials, all of which meet the highest industry standards. Our commitment to maintaining these standards has helped us become a leading supplier in the orthopedic trauma implant industry.

Our top performing trauma implants 

Trauma products come in different categories like

Locking Plate 

They consist of distal femur locking plates, locking compression plates, philos plates with locking systems, and reconstruction locking plates. These plates for trauma implants must be produced with a great deal of skill and experience.

Locking Screw  & Non-locking Screw 

It includes bone screws such as cortical screws, malleolar screws, cancellous screws, and screws with locking or non-locking heads.

Non-locking Plate 

Dynamic compression plates, olecranon plates, DHS plates, L buttress Plates, and one third tubula are examples of non-locking plates.


Interlocking Nails include nails for femur, tibia nail, humerus and proximal femoral nail.


Zealmax Ortho, an Indian-based company, has been a trusted manufacturer, supplier, and exporter of high-quality orthopedic implants for over a decade. Since its establishment in 2006, the company has experienced significant growth and assembled a team of skilled professionals with vast experience in manufacturing and supplying orthopedic implants worldwide. Zealmax Ortho takes pride in providing top-notch trauma orthopedic implants to clients globally.

With our business operations spanning across 60 countries, Zealmax has built a strong reputation for itself in the industry globally.

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